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Glioma of the brain stem

The brain is the organ in a person’s skull that controls the functions of the greater part of alternate organs. Together, the brain and spine make up the focal nervous system. The brain is responsible for the five’s experience senses (taste, touch, sight, listening to and smell). The brain is also the seat of thought, dialect, personality, inventiveness and memory. The brain controls development, sensation, parity, and coordination. Keeping in mind the end goal to carry out its occupation, the brain requires an enormous measure of the oxygen and supplement vitality that a person takes in frequently.

Causes

The brain is comprised of nerve cells (called neurons) which convey signals, and the cells which support the nerve cells (called glial cells ). There are various diverse types of glial cells, all with distinctive names and functions. The glial cells dwarf the neurons in the brain by a proportion of 10:1

Brain Tumor Symptoms

Contingent upon the area and size of the tumor, symptoms experienced by every patient may change. Most of the basic symptoms are because of increased intracranial pressure as the developing tumor affects surrounding structures:

* Frequent headaches (reported by half of patients)

* Blurry vision

* Nausea and/or regurgitating

* Personality or psychological changes

Different symptoms are site-specific, including seizures, speech debilitation, weakness or numbness on one side and problems with coordination, equalization or portability.

Diagnosis and treatment

There are wide range of types of brain tumors, based on what cells are affected and how they show up under a microscope. Tumors can be classified into four general categories:

1)Gliomas

2)Astrocytoma

3)Grade I (pilocytic astrocytoma): slow developing, with minimal propensity to invade surrounding brain tissue. Most regular in children and adolescents.

4)Grade II (diffuse astrocytoma): genuinely slow-developing, with some propensity to invade surrounding brain tissue. Mostly seen in youthful adults.

5)Grade III (anaplastic/malignant astrocytoma): these tumors become rather rapidly and penetrate surrounding brain tissue.

6)Grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme, GBM): a to a great degree aggressive and deadly type of brain cancer. Shockingly, it is the most widely recognized type of brain tumor in adults, representing 67% of all astrocytomas.

7)Oligodendroglioma

8)Ependymoma

Tests on your cancer cells

Your breast cancer cells can be tested to see on the off chance that they have ‘hormone receptors’ or organic therapy receptors. There are estrogen receptors and progesterone receptors. You may hear your doctor discuss ‘your estrogen receptor status’, ‘ER status’ or ‘PR status’. Sometimes, doctors may say you are ‘ER positive’ or ‘ER negative’.

Treatment

1)Surgery

At the point when possible, brain tumors are uprooted through surgery. While numerous can be uprooted with practically zero harm to the brain, others are found where surgical evacuation is troublesome or impossible without destroying discriminating parts of the brain.

Brain harm caused by surgery can prompt halfway paralysis, changes in sensation (feeling), weakness and poor considering. Indeed, even so, evacuating a tumor is necessary when it threatens critical brain structures. Notwithstanding when it can’t cure a harm, surgery can help lessen the tumor’s size, ease symptoms and help focus the kind of tumor

2)Radiation Therapy

3)Chemotherapy

 

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