Penis cancer is fortunately an uncommon event in industrialized countries. As indicated by the American Cancer Society, around 1,640 new cases are anticipated to show up in the U.S. in 2014. Be that as it may, while this represents one moment segment of the populace, the men who are affected – as well as their families – can be devastated by this conceivably lethal disease. In this manner, all men should understand the risk factors, alongside being vigilant for the symptoms, as a proactive method for assuming responsibility of their penis wellbeing. Some essential questions about penis cancer are answered here.
What does penis cancer resemble? Penis cancer occurs when malignant cells create in the penile tissue. Cancer of the penis may be described by redness, bothering, swelling, sores and lumps or spots on the penis, among different symptoms.
It is vital to remember that a large portion of these symptoms can demonstrate numerous other, mostly benevolent conditions. Men who encounter any of these should never bounce to the conclusion that they have cancer; recall that it is an uncommon disease, and chances are that the clarification is much simpler.
Be that as it may, it is also essential to see a doctor as soon as possible when any of these symptoms show up. While they may not be cancer, they may still need treatment, and it is best to recognize the issue’s source as fast as possible.
How is it diagnosed? A cancer diagnosis usually involves taking a biopsy of the affected tissue. A small sample of tissue is taken, frequently under a nearby anesthetic, and it is seen under a microscope for signs of changes at the cellular level that may demonstrate a threat.
Who is at risk? The general chances for creating penile cancer are very small. Then again, certain issues can put men at more serious risk. These include:
– A family history of cancer, especially penile cancer;
– Being uncircumcised;
– Being tainted by HPV;
– Having poor personal cleanliness;
– Having past problems with phimosis.
What are the treatment options? The most widely recognized sort of treatment for cancer is surgery, in which the irregular tissue is evacuated. Circumcision, evacuation of wide patches of skin or even removal may be considered, contingent upon the degree and stage of the tumor(s).
Men might also experience chemotherapy or radiation therapy to destroy or slow the danger’s development. Another kind of treatment is biologic therapy, in which a man’s own particular resistant system is stimulated to battle cancer cells. Various clinical trials are in progress at any given time, and a man may choose alongside his doctor to attempt one of these in specific situations.
What is the prognosis for penis cancer patients? The result of cancer treatment depends on numerous factors, including the stage and area of the cancer and a man’s age and general wellbeing.